Compiled by Markson Omagor
- Stress, pollution, facial expressions, excess sun exposure, use of chemical products and makeup can make our skin age.
- Incorporating strength training, aerobics, Zumba, stretching or yoga no matter a person’s fitness level is a great starting point.
Ageing can be caused by a lot of factors.
According to clinical dermatologist Leo Kingori, stress, pollution, facial expressions, excess sun exposure, use of chemical products and makeup can make our skin age.
“Having a skincare routine is very important, that accompanied by eating right and using the right products can help reduce premature ageing,” Kingori told the Star.
While identifying fine lines, skin dryness, sagging, uneven skin tone and loss of volume as signs of premature ageing Kingori said that there is nothing experts can do to stop ageing but taking care of one’s skin can help slow down the process.
“The sun begins leaving its mark during the first years of life, researchers say by age 25, is when the signs of ageing begin,” he said.
“Age not only affects your collagen, but also elastin fibres which make your skin look young and pumped. Your skin then loses its elasticity and collagen production also slows down.”
Reduce stress with relaxation and massage
“Stress hormones alter the mitochondria function, opting for relaxation techniques like saunas, meditation and massage and incorporating these techniques daily is good for the nervous and immune system,” he advised.
Mitochondria is a membrane-bound organelle found in the cytoplasm of almost all eukaryotic cells (cells with clearly defined nuclei), the primary function of which is to generate large quantities of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria are typically round to oval in shape and range in size from 0.5 to 10 μm. In addition to producing energy, mitochondria store calcium for cell signaling activities, generate heat, and mediate cell growth and death.
Increase body activity.
Kingori advised people to incorporate at least 30 minutes of exercise daily.
“Physical exercise is the best way to increase your oxygen intake. When your body uses more energy, more mitochondria will be produced to keep up with the demand,” he said.
He said incorporating strength training, aerobics, Zumba, stretching or yoga no matter a person’s fitness level is a great starting point.
Reduce sugar, carbs and soda intake
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that excess carbs can lead to significant changes in the shape and function of mitochondria, particularly in certain brain cells.
The researchers suspect these changes might alter your hormone production and regulation, which is vital to optimizing your mitochondrial function.
Eat foods that boost the mitochondria
By adding more omega 3 acids to the diet and vegetables like spinach, broccoli, yams, carrots and beets, which are good sources of alpha-lipoic acid, signs of premature ageing can be fought.
Also, eating eggs, beans, nuts, seeds and fruits like avocado, strawberries, vitamin C and B.
Research shows that sun exposure is directly linked to the active breakdown of collagen and the reduction of collagen synthesis.
The research which was published in the journal of investigative dermatology shows that Ultraviolet rays produced by the sun unlock highly active molecules in the skin which then cause damage to skin membrane, DNA and protein.
Sunscreen works by reflecting the UVA away from your skin cells both inside and out.
Kingori recommended the use of a sunscreen of 30 and above, for use daily even when indoors as UV can pass through the glass.
Get a good night sleep and skincare
Approximately eight hours of sleep is good for the brain.
Researchers say that good sleep allows it to clear the by-products of thinking that build up during the day (known as neutral waste).
When neutral waste accumulates, it is harmful to the mitochondria in neurons.
“Good skin care is essential for both males and females for healthy-looking skin,” Kingori said.
Cleansing — Washing your face. Toning — Balancing the skin. Moisturizing — Hydrating with water helps in balancing the skin.
From The Star