By Markson Omagor
Teso Sub region has missed out on government’s first ever micro-scale irrigation program.
The program spearheaded by the Ministry of Agriculture has an initial war-chest of$40m (about Shs148 billion) meant to boost production among small holder farmers.
Ronald Kato Kayizzi, the Commissioner of Agricultural Infrastructure, Mechanization and water for agriculture, on Friday said the first phase will benefit small holder farmers in 40 districts.
“Three thousand farmers have so far expressed interest. The programme supports farmers to purchase and use individual irrigation equipment,” Mr Kato said.
However, among the beneficiary districts in Eastern Uganda, Teso Sub region was completely left out.
The beneficiary districts in Eastern Uganda are; Tororo, Kapchorwa, Manafwa, Mbale, Bududa, Sironko, Buikwe, Jinja, Luuka, Iganga, Mayuge, Kayunga and Kamuli.
The ministry said the programme aims at creating 3.75 million acres of land under irrigation across the country.
The sector is currently facing climate change effects such as unreliable rainfall and drought which have hampered crop yields, pasture availability and water shortage.
He said the programme will help farmers to buy irrigation equipment through a matching grant scheme in which the cost of the equipment is co-financed by the farmer and government, adding that it caps the support to 2.5 acres.
Kato said the 40 districts were selected based on the need for irrigation services, and interest and capability in growing crops of national importance, adding that they are focusing on coffee and horticulture.
“We looked at the market information studies, the coffee road map and areas where there are no irrigation interventions, and the responsiveness of the districts to our call for expression of interest in the program. Some districts did not respond and others have not yet recruited district agricultural engineers which was pre-requisite,” he said.
Mr Kato said farmers who meet the criteria need to go to district agricultural officer, production officer or extension worker.
“Upon expressing your interest, the officer will come to your farm. We have a mobile application technology for registration. They (officer) will take your details, including acreage and GPS [geographical positioning system] of your farm and that data will automatically trickle to us at the ministry and World Bank,” he said.
A document about the programme states that government will pay between 25 per cent and 75 per cent of the total cost of the irrigation equipment, but with a maximum contribution of Shs7.2 million per acre.
The ministry explained that the cost is dependent on the nature of the farm such as closeness to water source, terrain of the land, soil suitability, acreage to be irrigated, and the varying prices of irrigation equipment.
“This implies that the farmer may pay between Shs2m and Shs8m per acre depending on the nature of the farm and the irrigation equipment that they choose,” the document states.
Kato said other districts will be brought on board next year.
“We are picking information from the districts that are not yet benefitting. We are asking for what farmers want to grow but we are also being guided by the National Development Plan under agro-industrialisation for crops of national priority. But if what the farmer wants to grow makes economic sense, we are going to support [them],” he said.
The other beneficiaries are; Amuru, Nwoya, Omoro, Kibaale, Kyenjojo, Kyegegwa, Kamwenge, Kitagwenda, Ibanda, Bushenyi, Rukungiri, and Ntungamo.
Others are; Mubende, Sembabule, Kalungu, Bukomansimbi, Lwengo, Masaka, Rakai, Kyotera, Mityana, Butambala, Mpigi, Wakiso, Nakaseke, Luweero and Mukono.